You probably already have a good idea about the factors that affect your auto insurance premium rates and coverage. But how do you differentiate between truth and fiction?
There’s a lot of stories that go around about how auto insurance companies determine rates – every thing from a dart board to a crystal ball. Time for some truth talk. The Insurance Information Institute (I.I.I.). dispels eight common auto insurance myths.
Myth 1. Color determines price of auto insurance.
It doesn’t matter if your car is red, green or purple. What does matter is the type of car you select. Before you buy a new or used car, check into insurance costs. Auto insurance premiums are based on make, model, body type, engine size, the age of the vehicle, age of the driver, driving record and credit history. They are also based, in part, on the car’s sticker price, the cost to repair it, its overall safety record, and the likelihood of theft. Many insurers offer discounts for features that reduce the risk of injuries or theft. These include daytime running lights and anti-theft devices.
Myth 2. It costs more to insure your car when you get older.
Many drivers over 55 years of age can qualify for a reduction in auto insurance rates, typically for three years, if they have successfully completed an accident prevention course. Insurance companies will usually provide up to a 10 percent discount on car insurance, but check with your provider before you sign on. Mature driving courses are available through local and state agencies as well as through the AAA and AARP. You can also check with your insurance agent to find out which defensive driving courses are approved by your insurer. If you are retired or are not employed full time, you may also be eligible for a discount of up to 5 percent off your car insurance. Age requirements for this type of discount vary by state and insurance carrier.
Myth 3. Your credit has no effect on your insurance rate.
Your credit-based insurance score does matter. An insurance score is a measure of how well you manage your financial affairs, not your financial assets. Many insurance companies take your insurance score into consideration when you want to purchase, change or renew your auto insurance coverage. Because the majority of people have good credit, and insurance scores are derived from a person’s credit history, most people pay less for insurance when insurance scores are entered into the pricing equation.
Myth 4. Your insurance will cover you if your car is stolen, vandalized or damaged by falling limbs, hail, flood or fire.
Comprehensive and collision coverage are optional coverages. Lenders frequently require drivers to buy comprehensive and collision coverage as a condition of a car loan agreement. Those driving older cars sometimes drop these coverages as a way of saving money. If a car is worth less than $1,000 or less than 10 times the insurance premium, purchasing the optional coverages may not be cost effective. But bear in mind, you need to purchase both collision and comprehensive coverage in order to fully protect your vehicle from all types of damage.
Myth 5. You only need the minimum amount of auto liability insurance required by law.
Almost every state requires you to buy a minimum amount of auto liability coverage. Chances are that you will need more liability insurance than the state requires because accidents often cost more than the minimum limits. In today’s litigious society, buying only the minimum amount of liability means you are likely to pay more out-of-pocket for losses incurred after an accident—and those costs may be steep. The insurance industry and consumer groups generally recommend a minimum of $100,000 of bodily injury protection per person and $300,000 per accident.
Myth 6. If another person is driving your car, his or her auto insurance will cover them if they get in an accident.
In most states, the auto insurance policy covering the vehicle is considered the primary insurance, which means that the auto insurance company for the vehicle must pay for damages caused by an accident. Policies and laws differ by state, and you should become familiar with these differences when allowing another person to drive your car.
Myth 7. Soldiers pay more for insurance than civilians.
No matter what branch of the military you are in, you qualify for a discount on auto insurance. In some situations you might be able to have your commanding officer make a phone call on your behalf, but for most auto insurance companies, you will need to supply documentation that lists your name, rank and the time that you will be enlisted in the service. This allows insurance companies to determine how long you will be eligible to receive a military discount. Many auto insurance companies provide discounts for former members of the military and their families as well.
Myth 8. Personal auto insurance covers both personal and business use of your car.
If you’re self-employed and use your vehicle for business purposes, personal auto insurance may not protect you. While auto insurance geared for businesses can be more costly than a personal policy, one of the best ways to keep your auto rates down is by having a good driving record. If there are others using your car they need to have good driving records too. Check the records of your employee drivers at least twice a year to ensure they maintain a clean driving record.
For more information about saving money on auto insurance go to I.I.I.’s website.